AMSTERDAM. Aandeel Fl.1000. black. No 136. Folds. This company was formed in 1818 in to purchase, rent and equip ships, principally for the commerce with the Dutch East-Indies and also Africa. According to the rules of the company, at least 200,000 guilders, divided into shares of 1000 guilderseach, had to be collected before the activities could start. Initial enthusiasm was great, since this share evidences that at least 351,000 had been raised by Jan. 1st 1819. One of its most famous shareholders was King Willem I of the Netherlands. Why did the King show interest in this company? Because this company was as a successor to the famous Dutch East India Company (VOC). The later was dissolved on 31 Dec. 1799 at a moment that the French were already ruling the country (1795-1815). The French wished to continue the trade with the Dutch Indies so they nationalized the local possessions of the VOC (founding the "Comité tot de Zaaken van den Oost-Indischen Handel en Bezittingen"). Because of the British domination on sea, the French could not re-establish contact with the Dutch East Indies. Moreover, the British took control of the colony in 1811. Four years later Napoleon was defeated and the Netherlands gained their independance back and were returned their overseas colonies. Soon after, a few private initiatives were taken to start-up the old, very profitable, trade with the Dutch Indies. This company was a serious attempt to do so, thus the interest of the King. In 1819, two ships of the company arrived in the Dutch Indies. Little is known of the company's activities in the next few years. In 1823, the company dissolves itself. Between 1823 and 1825, the shareholders receive 700 Guilders a share from the liquidation. Their original investment was 1000 Guilders, but we do not know wheter the company had been able to distribute dividends between 1819 and 1823. The next year, the Dutch King decides to found the Nederlandsche Handel-maatschappij (NHM) with the aim to further develop the international trade in general and the commerce with the Dutch Indies in particular. The NHM grows to become a leading industrial company in the Netherlands and finally becomes ABN Amro, one of the world's biggest banks today. While the NHM is widely known to be the VOC successor, few know that the Maatschappij van Koophandel en Zeevaart which we offer, is the missing link between the VOC and the NHM. This is also evidenced by the fact that Jonkheer Jan Van de Poll (1759-1826) was the principal person in charge of theMaatschappij van Koophandel en Zeevaart. He was also Mayor of Amsterdam and more importantly, close relative of Willem Gerrit van de Poll (1763-1836)... who was one of the main founders of the NHM. A historically very interesting piece indeed.
Datum: 1 January 1819
Startprijs: € 800