COLLECTION

Losnummer: 501
FRANCE : We offer here a hugely interesting collection, consisting of 108 papers from 1699 until 1828. They tell the history of the French lotteries. Lotteries were for a long time a hugely important way for the French state to finance itself. Also other institutions were, from time to time, given the permission to organize a lottery as way to find funding for their activities. With a short exception during the reign of King François I in 1539, lotteries and tombolas were forbidden in France until the end of the 17th century. At that moment (1699), the 'Loterie de l'Hôtel de Ville de Paris' was founded. It worked similar to a tontine: the lottery tickets were issued to pay the interest due on perpetual annuities and other loans contracted by the city of Paris and the French State. A raffle of lottery coupon tickets was held and the winner got their money. This system made it possible to encourage people to continue to buy public debt, and above all to spread out the repayments owned by the State. This collection includes 2 early tontines (1699, 1702), and a lottery ticket from 1704. A second step was taken through the institution of "Royal Lotteries" by the Administration Générale des Loteries from 1728 onwards. These were organized for the reimbursement of royal rents. The collection includes, amongst others, an unissued lottery ticket from 1729 and an issued loterie royale ticket from 1742. Furthermore, it includes several lottery tickets from the same period, but issued by institutions such as for instance the Hôpital General de la charité& de l'Eglise (...) de Marseille and the Eglise (...) de Lyon. In the middle of the 18th century, the famous Giacomo Casanova, freshly escaped from his prison in Venice and on the run in Paris, proposes to finance the construction of a Military School (to the glory of King Louis XV and Madame de Pompadour) through a lottery. The officials were convinced the lotteries were organized. The collection includes several lottery tickets issued by the Ecole Royale Militaire. In the mean time, the Hotel de Ville de Paris continues to organize lotteries (e.g. for the 36th time in 1763), as evidenced by several more lottery tickets in this collection. More initiatives are taken, for instance the Lotterie Générale d'Association (from 1762 onwards), la Loterie de Piété (1762), etc., etc. Most interestingly, the collection includes much more than just lottery tickets. We also see for instance various 'arrest du conseil d'état du Roi', prospectus, print models, and so on. There are also several documents which evidence that France sold lottery tickets in other countries, especially in parts of what is today Germany (Offenboug, Neuwied sur le Rhin) and in territories it occupiedduring the French Revolution. In 1791/2, the lottery was abolished, but reappeared in 1799. Several pamphlets illustrate the discussions on the matter. Napoleon also makes use of lotteries to finance his wars ("LoterieImpériale"), even in occupied regions such as Westphalen and Brussels. The Loterie Royale makes a comeback after Napoleon until the late 1820s. All this is well-illustrated in this truly unique and very old collection. Fascinating to say the least.
Branchen: LOTTERY
FRANCE
Datum: 1699-1828
Erhaltung: VF
Startpreis: € 5000