LONDON. Scrip Cert., 50 Shares of 13,4 Shillings. green. No 330/1046. Formed 1839, to build a railway on the bed of the moribund Croydon Canal. In 1844, the L&C laid an additional line next to the existing track to test an atmospheric railway system. Pumping stations created a vacuum in a pipe laid between the running rails. A free-running piston in the pipe was attached to the train. The piston, and hence the train, was propelled towards the pumping station by atmospheric pressure. As part of the construction works for the atmospheric system, the world's first railway flyover (overpass) was created to carry the atmospheric line over the conventional steam line. In 1847, the atmospheric experiment was abandoned. The previous year, financial difficulties brought a merger with the London & Brighton Railway, andthe Brighton & Chichester, and Brighton, Lewes &Hastings Railways (both under construction), to form the London, Brighton & South Coast Railway, which survived until the great amalgamations of 1923. The first line to serve Croydon, south of London, wasthe Surrey Iron Railway, opened in 1806. However, the Surrey Iron Railway's terminal on the Thames was rather far west and sea-going vessels were discouraged from connecting with it. The L&C build its line on the general, but not exact, line of the Canal, and built its own London passenger terminal at London Bridge, with freight and motive power depot at New Cross. The line is still the line from London Bridge to the Croydon stations, and the Croydon terminal is today's West Croydon station. The world's first semaphore railway signal was built on the line in 1842. According to our source, only 7 pieces are known.
Date: 25 February 1845
Startprice: € 700