Result list 31 October 2020

The results of our October 31 sale are now online. Unsold items can be obtained in our aftersale until November 29 (first come, first served). .

Lotnumber: 351
Liège. Bond Translation. black handwritten. Folds and some faint staining. This certificate represents a contemporary translation in Dutch of the original French language bond from "Het land van Luyck en het graafschap Looz" ("The country of Liege and the county of Looz") issued in 1791 with a maturity date in 1809. The 5% loan amounted to 2.000.000 guilders, divided into 2000 bonds of 1000 guilders each, with repayments during 1802-1809. The bond was issued by 2 regions with a rich history. The county of Looz (or Loon in Dutch) was an old county in a territory that comprises the current Belgian Limburg, except for Diepenbeek, Alken, Sint-Truiden and Tongeren which then belonged to the prince-diocese of Liege. From 1040 onwards it became a fief of the prince-diocese Liege. After the childless death of count Diederik van Heinsberg, after a long battle in 1366, the county was annexed by Liege. However, the prince-diocese always respected a kind of autonomy for the former County of Loon: for example taxes could not be increased arbitrarily. The prince-diocese of Liege was initially a pure diocese until 980 when under bishop Notger the region was recognized as a separate domain by Emperor Otto II of the Holy Roman Empire. Under the various emperors, the domain succeeded in safeguarding its independence. This changed however in the period following the French revolution (1789). Instigated by the French revolution in 1789, a group of citizens and workers from Liege and Verviers went to the governmental buildings and forced the prince-bishop to withdraw the existing edicts and to confirm the appointment of new magistrates. The prince-bishop fled to Trier, the states assembled to ratify the revolution and the prince was requested to return but refused to do so. The radicalization of the revolution in Liege stimulated Austria to restore the power of the previous rulers in both the Southern Netherlands and in Liege. The prince-bishop Van Hoensbroeck returned on 13 February 1791 and imposed a repressive regime. In order to finance his extra military forces, this loan of 2.000.000 guilders was issued. This certificate mentions the main protagonists involved during this period among whom Van Hoensbroeck and the counts of Loon. Next to that, it mentions the despised revolutionary event of 1789. The bondholders would not benefit much from their investment. Van Hoensbroeck, the prince-bishop, died shortly afterwards (3 June 1792) in Liege and was succeeded by his nephew François de Méan, who was elected prince-bishop in August 1792. However, on 28 November 1792 the French invaded the diocese. After a short restoration of power by the Austrians it was finally annexed by France in 1794. He was finally dismissed as prince-bishop of Liege by the Treaty of 15th July 1801. First time we see any scripophily issued by the prince-diocese of Liege. A most interesting part of Belgian history. Probably unique.
Themes: BEFORE 1800
Date: 28 April 1791
Quality: VF
Startprice: € 500